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Forget the Holy War Theory

Challenging the predominant view that a desire to spread Islam accounted for Ottoman success during the fourteenth-century advance into Southeastern Europe, Lowry argues that the primary motivation was a desire for booty and slaves. The early Ottomans were a plundering confederacy, open to anyone Muslim or Christian who could meaningfully contribute to this goal. It was this lack of a strict religious orthodoxy, and a willingness to preserve local customs and practices, that allowed the Ottomans to gain and maintain support.

Later accounts were written to buttress what had become the self-image of the dynasty following its incorporation of the heartland of the Islamic world in the sixteenth century. Get A Copy. Paperback , pages. More Details Original Title. Other Editions 2.

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Showing Rating details. More filters. Sort order. May 30, Jonathan Widell rated it really liked it. The Gazi thesis maintains that the Ottoman Empire was hellbent on converting the infidels. According to Lowry, the early Ottoman Empire was a Islamo-Christian "plundering confederacy" that could not care less of converting anybody to anything. The fundamental misunderstanding is that gaza did not mean holy war but plundering, hence gazi was not a holy warrior but a plunderer.

Even later, the Ottoman Empire preserved its cosmopolitan character.

THE HISTORY OF THE OTTOMAN EMPIRE - Discovery History Science (full documentary)

The early Ottoman Empire was a meritocracy in which anyone could benefit from social ascent regardless of faith. The nature of the early Ottoman State changed only slowly into the centralized Islamic Empire in terms of which we think of it today.

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  5. Lowry has been accused of being an Ottoman apologetic in a different context. However, I have no trouble accepting the thesis he puts forward in this book. I came across a similar view in a much earlier work by the Romanian historian Nicolae Jorga: Geschichte des Osmanischen Reiches. Mehreen rated it liked it Nov 18, Mustafa Altug Yayla rated it liked it Dec 20, Cevat Sucu rated it liked it Feb 14, Shaw Bridges rated it liked it Jun 26, Jasmin Kocaer rated it really liked it Mar 23, Cihat rated it really liked it Mar 01, Elcin Arabaci rated it it was amazing Dec 24, Chris rated it liked it May 31, Rowland Pasaribu rated it liked it Aug 18, ─░lker Mangaltepe rated it it was amazing Aug 03, Ysf rated it liked it Jul 12, Sam rated it it was ok Mar 08, Edwin rated it really liked it Feb 21, Danielle rated it liked it Feb 24, Octavian Negoita rated it really liked it Oct 22, Katie rated it really liked it Dec 28, Merve Karan rated it it was amazing May 17, He was also interested in developments in western Europe.

    Further geographic expansion brought additions to this vocabulary.


    Among the most outstanding achievements of this period were the mosques and religious complexes built by Sinan ca. Hundreds of public buildings were designed and constructed throughout the Ottoman empire, contributing to the dissemination of Ottoman culture.

    The Nature of the Early Ottoman State

    Commissions continued outside the imperial capital, with many pious foundations established across the realm. During the late fifteenth and sixteenth centuries, developments occurred in every artistic field , with those in architecture, calligraphy , manuscript painting , textiles, and ceramics being particularly significant. Apart from Istanbul, various cities in the provinces were also recognized as major artistic and commercial centers: Iznik was renowned for ceramics, Bursa for silks and textiles, Cairo for the production of carpets, and Baghdad for the arts of the book.

    Ottoman visual culture had an impact in the different regions it ruled. Despite local variations, the legacy of the sixteenth-century Ottoman artistic tradition can still be seen in monuments from the Balkans to the Caucasus, from Algeria to Baghdad, and from Crimea to Yemen, that incorporate signature elements such as hemispherical domes, slender pencil-shaped minarets, and enclosed courts with domed porticoes. Yalman, Suzan. Goodwin, Godfrey. A History of Ottoman Architecture.

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    6. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins Press, Based on original work by Linda Komaroff. The Metropolitan Museum of Art.

      Forget the Holy War Theory

      See works of art. Works of Art Essay At the time of its foundation in the early fourteenth century, the Osmanli or Ottoman state was one among many small principalities that emerged as a result of the disintegration of the Seljuq sultanate in Anatolia and subsequent instability caused by Mongol rule. Citation Yalman, Suzan.

      Further Reading Atil, Esin, ed.